Head

 

spisanie Detski i infektsiosni

Editor:
Central Medical Library ®,
MU - Sofia

 

 

 

 

 



 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Journal "Detski i infectsiosni bolesti" (Pediatric and Infectious Diseases)

REVIEWS

bar626

Vol. 7, 2015

 

Vol. 7, 2015, № 2

CHILD DISEASES

V. Doycheva, I. Popivanov, Tz. Doychinova and D. Shalamanov. Anti-vaccine movements: origin and development - Detski i infectsiosni bolesti, V. 7, 2015, No2, 3-7. (Abstract)

I. Natsov and R. Triffonov. Somatoform disorders (medically unexplained symptoms) by children and adolescent - Detski i infectsiosni bolesti, V. 7, 2015, No2, 8-14. (Abstract)

R. Manafova, Kr. Petrova and G. Tsolova. Examining the level of health risk factors among students aged 14-18 years in Veliko Tarnovo - Detski i infectsiosni bolesti, V. 7, 2015, No2, 15-20. (Abstract)

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

V. Doycheva and Y.Mitova-Mineva. Epidemiological characteristics and distribution of hepatitis types b and c in europe for the period 2009-2012  - Detski i infectsiosni bolesti, V. 7, 2015, No2, 21-26. (Abstract)

N. Yancheva. Antiretroviral therapy on hiv infection – mechanism of action and toxicity - Detski i infectsiosni bolesti, V. 7, 2015, No2, 27-33. (Abstract)

V. Velev. Campylobacteriosis - Detski i infectsiosni bolesti, V. 7, 2015, No2, 34-37. (Abstract)

M. Baymakova. Low-grade fever and recurrent fever оf unknown origin - Detski i infectsiosni bolesti, V. 7, 2015, No2, 38-42. (Abstract)

 

bar626

 

CHILD DISEASES 2015, № 2

REWIEWS

Anti-vaccine movements: origin and development - Detski i infectsiosni bolesti, V. 7, 2015, No2, 3-7.
V. Doycheva(1), I. Popivanov(2), Tz. Doychinova(3) and D. Shalamanov(3)
(1)Medical University– Sofia,
(2)Military Medical Academy – Sofia,
(3)Medical University – Pleven
Summary.
Notwithstanding the achievements of applied immunology, resistance against immunizations becomes more topical. This paper examines the reasons for arising and strengthening of anti-vaccine movements and expounds unsoundness of the concepts that contest the benefits of mass immunization for society. The offensiveness of the groups that question the importance of vaccines for public health is increasing. This enhances the responsibilities of medical professionals – epidemiologists, infectious disease specialists, pediatrici an sand health managers to assert the adopted strategy for immunization more convincingly. Today more than ever is essential to resist attempts to neglect the epidemiological control with speculative statements about the adverse effects of vaccines.
Key words: anti-vaccine movements, origin, argument
Address for correspondence: Ass. Prof. V. Doycheva, Department of Epidemiology, Medical University– Sofia; tel. +35929523844; e-mail: v.doycheva@abv.bg.

 


Somatoform disorders (medically unexplained symptoms) by children and adolescent - Detski i infectsiosni bolesti, V. 7, 2015, No2, 8-14.

I. Natsov(1) and R. Trifonov(2).
(1)Psychiatric Outpatient Services Centre – Cherven Bryag, State Psychiatry Hospital – Karlukovo
(2)Outpatient Services Centre – Pleven
Summary. The transformation of suppressed emotions and psychological conflicts into bodily symptoms is widespread phenomenon provoking subjective suffering, problems in personal functioning. Medical dualistic ontology indicates this phenomenon as “ somatization”. Somatoform disorders are heterogeneous group of nosological entities united by their tendency to present with somatic, but “unexplained bodily symptoms”. This article presents epidemiologic, etiopathogenetic and clinical data about medically unexplained symptoms by children and adolescents, as well as problems related to their identification and assessment.
Key words: somatization, somatoform disorders, medically unexplained symptoms
Address for correspondence: I. Natsov, Psychiatric Outpatient Services Centre – Cherven Bryag, State Psychiatry Hospital – Karlukovo; e-mail: ivo_nacov@abv. bg

 


Examining the level of health risk factors among students aged 14-18 years in Veliko Tarnovo - Detski i infectsiosni bolesti, V. 7, 2015, No2, 15-20.
R. Manafova(1), Kr. Petrova(1) and G. Tsolova(2).

(1)Regional Health Inspectorate – Veliko Tarnovo
(2)National Center of Public Health and Analyses
Summary: The study was conducted in 2014 within the programme „Healthy Children in Healthy Families“ – children‘s component of CINDI, and aims to investigate the distribution of some of the major health risk factors for pupils and to examine the level of their knowledge, skills and attitudes on healthy lifestyle. The study includes 706 pupils, aged 14-18 years from four schools in the municipality of Veliko Tarnovo. Individual interviews were carried out under the standartized CINDI questionnaire. Blood pressure, weight and height of pupils were measured. The study results show that every sixth interviewee is a regular smoker, alcohol consumption is on a daily basis for 5.1% of them; nutrition is not healthy; and every third person has reported low physical activity. Increased levels of blood pressure are evident for 9.8% of the boys and 5.6% of the girls, while overweight and obese are evident for 14.2% and 7.2% respectively. These results impose continuation of activities on health promotion, disease prevention and provision of an environment, which validates the health of adolescents in the municipality.
Key words: pupils, tobacco smoke, alcohol consumption, unhealthy diet, low physical activity, increased blood pressure, obesity
Address for correspondence: Ass. Prof. G. Tsolova; National Center of Public Health and Analyses - Sofia; tel. +359 8056 20; e-mail: gal@ncpha.government.bg

 

INFECTIOUS DISEASES 2015, № 2

REWIEWS

Epidemiological characteristics and distribution of hepatitis types b and c in europe for the period 2009-2012  - Detski i infectsiosni bolesti, V. 7, 2015, No2, 21-26.
V. Doycheva and Y. Mitova-Mineva.

Department of Epidemiology, Medical University – Sofia
Summary. This article provide an overview of basic epidemiological indicators and distribution of viral hepatitis B and C in countries EU/EEA for the period 2009-2012. For this period were registered 64 225 cases of chronic hepatitis B and 30 483 cases of hepatitis C. Viral hepatitis is the leading cause of cirrhosis and liver cancer, which in turn ranks as the third cause of cancer death wordwide. In the WHO European region, approximately 14 million people are chronically hepatitis B infection, and 9 million people are chronically infected by HCV. The most effective anti-epidemic measure of prevention against hepatitis B is vaccination and most European Union countries have vaccination programmes. For hepatitis B and C screening of individuals who present a high risk of contracting the viruses is critical given the asymptomatic nature of infections. EU member States need to work in a concerted manner to implement lasting programmes make tackling hepatitis B and C a public health priority.
Key words: hepatitis type B, hepatitis type C, epidemiological characteristics. distribution
Address for correspondence: Ass. Prof. V. Doycheva, Department of Epidemiology, Medical University– Sofia; tel. +3592952 38 44; e-mail: v.doycheva@abv.bg.



Antiretroviral therapy on HIV infection – mechanism of action and toxicity - Detski i infectsiosni bolesti, V. 7, 2015, No2, 27-33.
N. Yancheva.
Department for acquired immune deficiency, Specialized Hospital for Active Treatment of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases
Summary. The HIV-1 infection keeps being a global problem because of its pandemic character and the impossibility of eradication. The infected with HIV are approximately 35 million and 1,34 million have died in 2014 because of the infection. The combined antiretroviral therapy remains the only treatment which has proven its effectiveness for maintaining the life of the HIV positive patients. Nowadays the HIV infection is a chronic disease with significantly longer duration of the life of the patient, as long as they maintain a suitable antiretroviral therapy. The current antiretroviral drugs don’t lead to the severe side effects, but the long-term therapy requires monitoring not only of the therapeutic effect but also of the possible toxicity. In the cases of toxicity, the therapy will be changed or will be applied additional therapy.
Key words: HIV, combined antiretroviral therapy, mitochondrial toxicity, oxidative stress
Address for correspondence: N. Yancheva, MD; Department for acquired immune deficiency, Specialized Hospital for Active Treatment of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases; e-mail: dr.yancheva@abv.bg



Campylobacteriosis - Detski i infectsiosni bolesti, V. 7, 2015, No2, 34-37.
V. Velev.
Medical university of Sofia, Chair of Infectious diseases, Parasitology and Tropical medicine
Summary. The review examined the history, etiology, clinical features and methods for diagnosis of campylobacteriosis. Attention is paid to modern methods of treatment of the infection. The emphasis is on the special of the clinical course of intestinal infection in children and immunosuppressed patients viewed the position of authors with different, often polar positions on the treatment of the disease.
Key words: campylobacteriosis, diarrhea, macrolides, qinolones
Address for correspondence: V. Velev, MD; Chair of Infectious diseases, Parasitology and Tropical medicine , MU - Sofia; e-mail: velev_md@abv.bg



Low-grade fever and recurrent fever оf unknown origin - Detski i infectsiosni bolesti, V. 7, 2015, No2, 38-42.
M. Baymakova.
Department of Infectious Diseases, Military Medical Academy – Sofia
Summary. The febrile conditions, which do not meet the included criteria for fever of unknown origin are called non-FUO. For ease and accurate work the causes of these febrile conditions are grouped at five known categories: infections, non-infectious inflammatory diseases, neoplasms, miscellaneous and undiagnosed. More targeted and gradual diagnostic protocols are conducted in these non-FUO groups because of the benign course and outcome of the diseases, the lack of significant markers from the laboratory parameters. Another febrile condition is recurrent (repeated) FUO. This group includes cases of alternation of febrile with afebrile episodes. In the differential diagnosis should be suspected hereditary, autoimmune and inflammatory processes, which are the cause of febrile conditions. Therefore different febrile syndromes divide into different groups. However, the etiological categories are the same for the all groups, but the algorithms have both general and specific features.
Key words: prolonged fever, recsurrent febrile syndrome
Address for correspondence: M. Baymakova, MD, Department of Infectious Diseases, Military Medical Academy – Sofia; е-mail: dr.baymakova@gmail.com

 

 

bar626

 

Last update: 14.06.2016