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spisanie Detski i infektsiosni

Editor:
Central Medical Library ®,
MU - Sofia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Journal "Detski i infectsiosni bolesti" (Pediatric and Infectious Diseases)

ORIGINAL PAPERS

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Vol. 8, 2016

Vol. 8, 2016, № 2

CHILD DISEASES
CASE REPORT

E. Zerdeva, A. Dasheva-Dimitrova, N. Modeva and D. Koleva. Kingеlla infective endocarditis in children – review of literature and case report - Detski i infectsiosni bolesti, V. 8, 2016, No2, 3-12. (Abstract)

 

INFECTIOUS DISEASES
ORIGINAL ARTICLES

D. Ilieva, E. Iliev, M. Staleva and J. Petrov. Tularemia in jackals in Bulgaria – possible vector for transmission of the infection - Detski i infectsiosni bolesti, V. 8, 2016, No2, 13-17. (Abstract)

 

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Vol. 8, 2016, № 1

CHILD DISEASES
CASE REPORTS

A. Dasheva-Dimitrova, М. Pavlov and М. Denev. Generalized infantile arterial calcinosis in two children - Detski i infectsiosni bolesti, V. 8, 2016, No1, 3-7. (Abstract)

INFECTIOUS DISEASES
ORIGINAL ARTICLES

S. Angelova, Y. Mitova, V. Doycheva, Ts. Mincheva and E. Petrova. Epidemiological characteristics of nosocomial outbreks of airways disease in Bulgaria - Detski i infectsiosni bolesti, V. 8, 2016, No1, 19-22. (Abstract)

S. Angelova, Y. Mitova, V. Doycheva, N. Chumak –Tsaneva and Ts. Mincheva. Epidemiological characteristics of nosocomial outbreks of intestinal infctions in Bulgaria - Detski i infectsiosni bolesti, V. 8, 2016, No1, 23-29 (Abstract)

 

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2/2016

CHILD DISEASES

CASE REPORT

Kingеlla infective endocarditis in children – review of literature and case report - Detski i infectsiosni bolesti, V. 8, 2016, No2, 3-12.
E. Zerdeva(1), A. Dasheva-Dimitrova(1), N. Modeva(2) and D. Koleva( 3)
(1)Clinic of Pediatric Cardiology, (2)Sector Clinical Microbiology, National Heart Hospital, (3)Children‘s Section, Multiprofi le Hospital for Active Treatment – Montana
Summary. Infective endocarditis is a rare disease with severe course and higher mortality. Presented is a case of a 11 year old girl with mitral valve prolapse, moderate mitral insuffi ciency, mesenchymal dysplasia and skeletal abnormalities. There were criteria for infective endocarditis: clinical (intoxication, weight loss, fatigue); and paraclinical – anemic syndrome and infl ammatory activity, 6 positive blood cultures with isolated gram negative contributor – Kingella denitrifi cans, positive serological test and vegetation of the mitral valve. There were accompanying articular syndrome. Treatment with antibiotics from the group of cephalosporins and aminoglycosides was successful. The combination of endocarditis and arthritis should direct the diagnostic thinking to prove infection with Kingеlla.
Key words: endocarditis, childhood, Kingеlla-infection
Address for correspondence: E. Zerdeva, MD; е-mail: еz@abv.bg

 

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

ORIGINAL ARTICLES

Tularemia in jackals in Bulgaria – possible vector for transmission of the infection - Detski i infectsiosni bolesti, V. 8, 2016, No2, 13-17.
D. Ilieva(1), E. Iliev(2), M. Staleva(1) and J. Petrov(1)
(1)National Diagnostic Research Institute – Sofia, Bulgaria
(2)Bulgarian Food Safety Agency
Summary. Blood serums of 109 jackals from 15 districts of Bulgaria were tested. 11 blood samples were with signifi cant titer 1:40 and 10 blood samples – with high titers (1:80 and 1:160). Signifi cant titer indicate that the disease is latent, as the agent is an intracellular bacteria. Тhe infectious titers are an indication of initial infection with tularemia or recontamination of the jackals and the possibility for the agent of tularemia to be spread by vectors.
Key words: tularemia, jackals/vector for transmission of infection
Address for correspondence: Ass. Prof. D. Ilieva, Head of the National Reference Laboratory "Rabies and Monitoring of the Effectiveness of the Vaccination", ND & RVMI – Sofia; e-mail: emd@mail.orbitel.bg

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1/2016

CHILD DISEASES

CASE REPORTS

Generalized infantile arterial calcinosis in two children - Detski i infectsiosni bolesti, V. 8, 2016, No1, 3-7.
A.Dasheva-Dimitrova(1), М. Pavlov(2) and М. Denev(2)

(1)Dеpartment of Pediatric cardiology
(2)Department of Pathology, National Heart Hospital – Sofia
Summary. Generalized arterial calcification of infancy (GACI) is a rare, autosomal recessive, fatal disease. It is characterized by arterial calcification of the internal elastic membrane associated with intimal proliferation. This leads to stenosis of large and medium-sized arteries. Most patients die in the first 6 months of life. Two cases of children – at the ages of 52 days and 5 months, with rapid and vigorous development of the disease with respiratory and heart failure, impaired nutrition and cardiogenic shock with fatal outcome are described. The older child has hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy with impaired function, while the younger child quickly developed a comatose state. The final diagnosis is made after performing histological examination.
Key words: generalized arterial calcification, infancy
Address for correspondence: Anna Dasheva-Dimitrova, MD; e-mail: dasheva.anna@gmail.com

 

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

ORIGINAL PAPERS

Epidemiological characteristics of nosocomial outbreks of airways disease in Bulgaria - Detski i infectsiosni bolesti, V. 8, 2016, No1, 19-22.
S. Angelova, Y. Mitova, V. Doycheva, Ts. Mincheva and E. Petrova
Department of Epidemiology, Medical University – Sofia
Summary. The purpose of this study is to present epidemiological characteristics of nosocomial outbreaks of airborne diseases in Bulgaria. Data used for the purpose of this study is taken from: the automated management system for nosocomial infections (NI) in Bulgaria; official reports from epidemiological studies of outbreaks of NI in Bulgaria for the period 2005-2012, as well as the annual analyses of NI in Bulgaria carried out by the National Center of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases (NCIPD) and the Ministry of Health, also the data published in the NCIPD journals. When interpreting the results, the following methods were applied: documentary method, complex epidemiological method and statistical method. For the period 2005-2012, in medical establishments for hospital care 20 outbreaks of airborne diseases or approximately 22% of all reported (93) outbreaks of NI in Bulgaria for the period are officially registered. The structure of outbreaks of airborne diseases is dominated by outbreaks from varicella – 60%, followed by outbreaks of measles – 20%. Only two outbreaks of airborne diseases (measles) occurred in children’s wards, the remaining 18 were in homes for medical and social care for children.
Key words: nosocomial infections, outbreaks, airways disease, carriers, medical establishments
Address for correspondence: S. Angelova, MD, Department of Epidemiology, Medical University – Sofia;
e-mail: a.svetla.angelova@abv.bg


Epidemiological characteristics of nosocomial outbreks of intestinal infctions in Bulgaria - Detski i infectsiosni bolesti, V. 8, 2016, No1, 23-29.
S. Angelova, Y. Mitova, V. Doycheva, N. Chumak –Tsaneva and Ts. Mincheva
Department “Epidemiology”, Medical University – Sofia
Summary. Under the current medical standards for prevention and control of nosocomial infections (NI) in Bulgaria, intestinal infections are categorized in a separate group. The purpose of this study is to show epidemiological characteristics of nosocomial outbreaks of intestinal infections in Bulgaria. Data used for the purpose of this study is taken from: the automated management system for NI in Bulgaria; official reports from epidemiological studies of outbreaks of NI in Bulgaria for the period 2005-2012, as well as the annual analyses of NI in Bulgaria carried out by the National Center of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases (NCIPD) and the Ministry of Health, also the data published in the NCIPD journals. When interpreting the results, the following methods were applied: documentary method, complex epidemiological method and statistical method. The majority (54%) of NI recorded during outbreaks in Bulgaria for the period 2005-2012, refer to intestinal infections. The largest proportions of outbreaks of intestinal infections (52%) are found in homes for medical and social care for children. In the structure of outbreaks of intestinal NI the largest proportion is related with coli enteritis – 28%. Active detection of intestinal carriers of E. coli among the staff of hospitals demonstrates the role of medical personnel as a source of infection. Contact-household path of transmission of intestinal infections suggests that in all cases of explosions violations of anti-epidemic operation regimen is involved.
Key words: nosocomial infections, outbreaks of intestinal infections, carriers, gastroenterocolitis, medical facilities, etiological structure
Address for correspondence: S. Angelova, MD, Department of Epidemiology, Medical University – Sofia; e-mail: a.svetla.angelova@abv.bg

 

 

Last update: 20.03.2017

 

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