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REQUIREMENTS TO THE AUTHORS OF THE JOURNAL

 

 

PREPARING A PAPER FOR A MEDICAL SCIENCE TITLE

 

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A scientific product represents a newly produced or adapted knowledge. Scientific text is meant to be a result of the careful consideration and evaluation of all details of the report. Presentation of scientific information is supposed to have strict consistency and sequence, a concise and exact wording, objective assertion of facts; convincing argumentation. Clearness of wording is a priority. Scientific report is characterized with specific requirements for the structural-compositional appearance of different genre types (article, review, case report, abstract).

Title of a scientific paper, irrespective of its genre determination, should attract the attention, be understandable, short, exact – it represents the study object. A subtitle can be prepared for extended informativeness.

Abstract contains the specific features of the study in a concise manner – subject matter, methodology used, main results and findings. It is distributed also through secondary informational titles (data bases), i.e. it should include the main elements of the scientific contribution. It should not contain either citation or illustrative material, or abbreviations, which can be precluded. It should not exceed 250 words/15-20 lines.

Key words are mainly used by information services to determine in which secondary editions and under which heading the information about the paper should be included and reciprocally, when doing thematic inquiry the paper can be found using this information. The objective of the author is to propose the most significant concepts of his work in a synthesised manner.

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Original scientific articles necessarily review a unique material according to thoroughly described methodology. The format Introduction/foreword + objective – Materials and Methods – Results – Discussion – Recapitulation/Conclusion  is of a normative character.
Introduction. Its main function is to provide answers of the following questions: what are the rationales to perform the study and what is its direct aim. Auxiliary functions: introduction provides the main information that is required to understand the article; a short review of similar studies performed by other authors; relation to similar problems; the intended purpose; an assessment of the significance of the topic.
Materials and Methods. In this section, the characteristics of studied groups are specified – showing the correspondence of the study material to the set objective of the study; the method of selection – criteria for inclusion/exclusion, and technique of randomization, are analyzed; the comparability of compared groups is discussed; the used method is explained as being appropriate for the set objective, statistical methods and the compliance with ethical standards are shown.
Results. This section contains all the results and nothing else but the results. The text is supplemented with illustrative material – pictures, charts, and tables. The author is expected to assess the objectivity or subjectivity of the results as well as if they answer the preset questions.
Discussion. Data and its significance are interpreted, the problems of the used methods/techniques are discussed, similarities and differences from other studies from literature search are compared, the contribution of results to the clarification of the set problem is deduced. Controversies, unsolved questions, unwanted events, unexpected results, uncertainty, alternative interpretations and hypotheses and statistical differences are discussed. Data is summarized. The following should be avoided: unproven assertions, exaggeration of the significance of data, deflective/peripheral problems, accusations to other studies and authors or uncritical repetition of such studies, emotional appeals to readers.
Conclusion. It summarizes the main results and provides conclusions from the study.

SCIENTIFIC REVIEW
It generalizes the contents of a number of sources dedicated to a topic during a definite period of time. Discussion of authors and texts should be in conformance to the thematic and problematic relevance to the study aim. It is designated to review the experience, current state and trends in a given problem, assess the material arguably and propose concrete, practically applicable conclusions and recommendations. A logically linked, consecutive articulation without a mechanical repetition of the sources is expected. Subtitles are thematic.

CASE REPORT (CASUISTRY)
The structure of an original article is not maintained. An extended review section aimed to prove the exclusiveness of the described case is present. Telegraphic style – the copy of case history, is not acceptable.

Literature references list positioned in the end of work should comprise only the publications that are truly used and are required to delineate the basis, on which the study is built. Do not propose an abundance of literature at the expense of its timeliness (not more than 20-30 sources for an article and not more than 50-60 sources for a review). Minimize self-citation (including self-citation under the pretext that no one before has ever examined this topic – this questions the perspectivity of the topic). The aim of bibliographic description is also the possibility of finding the cited work. Bibliographic reference to an article is arranged in either alphabetic order (the Bulgarian standard) or following the order of citing (the Vancouver Style). Avoid quoting unpublished sources. Each source should be written starting on a new line with Arabic numbering. Data are formed in the following manner:


– Articles: Author(s). Article title. Journal title (abbreviated on Index Мedicus), year, volume, number of publication (issue) in round brackets, pages (from–to). Example: Yakub YN, Freedman RB, Pabico RC. Renal transplantation in systemic lupus erythematosus. Nephron, 1981, 27(1), 197-201.

– Publications from a collected book: Author(s). Title. In:  Collected book title. Edition number, editors. Place of publication (city), publishing house, year of publication, pages (from–to). Example: Wilkinson AH. Evaluation of the transplant recipient. In: Handbook of Kidney Transplantation. 2nd ed. G. M. Danovitch (Ed.). Boston, Little, Brown and Co., 1996, 109-122.
– Books: Author(s). Title. Place of publication (city), publishing house, year of publication, pages (from–to). Example: Sharma A. Textbook of Systemic Vasculitis. New Delhi, Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd., 2015, 20-30.
If the authors are not more than three, then their family names followed by their initials (without full points) are written. If the authors are more than three, then after the name of the third author it should be written 'et al.'. References to bibliographic sources within text are designated by their numeric symbol in square brackets.

ETHICAL NORMS IN PUBLISHING (based on the recommendations of Elsevier and the Committee on Publication Ethics)
Authors shall ensure that they present original developments for publication and if the findings and/or text of other author are used, this is certified by citation. Plagiarism of all kinds – from copying or periphrasing significant parts of other publication (without citation) to declaring someone else's scientific studies to be one's own proper, is unacceptable.
Repeated publication of a single scientific work in a periodical is admissible solely under the form of a secondary publication that reflects the data and interpretation of the initial publication, to which reference is made explicitly.
All the researchers who contribute to the concept and performance of a scientific study should be specified as co-authors. Corresponding author shall ensure that they approve the final version of the presented for publication work.
Declaring the lack of conflict of interests, the absence or presence of financial commitment of the study and the performing it institutions is advisable.

TECHNICAL PREPARATION
Volume of proposed publications is approximately about 10-12 standard typewriter pages (STPs) for original articles; about 15-17 STPs for reviews and not more than 5 STPs for synopsis of an article, recensions, scientific reports, etc. (the above volume includes all contents). 1 standard typewriter page = 1800 characters; 2.5 STPs form 1 printed page in a journal with А4 format.
Under the names of authors it is written their place of work, designated by numeric index.
Illustrative material (tables, figures, pictures) is presented within the text with the corresponding names and legends in Bulgarian language (see below for information for foreign authors).
Title, abstract, key words, and places of work are translated in English and the names of authors are transcribed. (For foreign authors with a text in English language, title, abstract and key words will be translated in Bulgarian language.)
Each manuscript is accompanied by an author's declaration (free text or a form delivered by the editors office) that the material has not been published before, except as an abstract of report that is presented during a scientific event.
Materials are sent to organizational secretary via e-mail or are delivered on electronic means and a hard copy.

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For ACTA MEDICA BULGARICA journal
Central Medical Library
1, Sv. G. Sofijski Str., Bg - Sofia 1431
Telephone/fax +3592 952 05 09
Vesela Tzakleva         е-mail: v_tzakleva@abv.bg

 

Last update: 28.12.2017

 
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